Islamic Architecture and Interior Design – Part III

Part III - Gardens, Grids, Courtyards, and the conclusion.   MATHEMATICAL GRIDS, COURTYARDS AND GARDENS Mathematicism is at the very base of Islamic architecture. The Arabs were keen mathematicians, and infused every aspect of their design with mathematical symbolism and functionalism. Water and gardens are two more design elements that are important in Islamic culture.... Continue Reading →


Islamic Architecture and Interior Design – Part II

Part 2 - Arches, Lattices, Calligraphy, and Mosaics.   THE ARCH The arch, another common feature of Islamic space, is a loadbearing or decorative composite structural frame, whose vessoirs are disposed radially and held together by compressive force, usually found in large openings where brick is used (Graves, 2006, Edwards and Edwards, 1999). It was... Continue Reading →

Questions on Bawa – Part II

“Tradition involves perception, not only of the pastness of the past, but of its presence. The past should be altered by the present as the present is directed by the past.” - T. S. Eliot  Evaluate the above statement and explain how Geoffrey Bawa’s work reflects this point of view by making appropriate references to... Continue Reading →

Questions on Bawa – Part I

The first part of two questions on Bawa we did for the Travel and Architecture module at uni. Bawa created his own distinctive use of space by “opening the house out into the garden, and bringing the garden into the house.” Discuss ways in which he achieved this in his work. You may also choose... Continue Reading →

Taj Mahal: ‘Paradise’ Beyond Borders

“The movement of ideas, people and wealth has bound us to each other since the beginning of history.”1                                 - Ching, Prakash and Jarzombek Architectural mobility is the result of the influx of architectural styles, symbolism, materials and crafting techniques from other parts of the world, brought in by the processes of migration, colonization... Continue Reading →

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